Author: David Becking

Leucadendron argenteum

General Info Tree usually up to 5m has a grey Bark. Simple Leaves have a hairy, glistening sheen. The dioecious flowers are in a compound inflorescence. Fruit is a heavy, woody cone with small, black nuts. Description Tree Leucadendron argenteum, Protea argentea. Common names: Cape Silver Tree, Silwerboom, Silver Tree, Witteboom, Silver leaf tree. Family: Proteaceae (Protea family). Name derivation: Protea – after the Greek sea god Proteus, who like the plants, had a variable appearance. Members of this family occur mainly in the southern hemisphere. Universal characteristics are few. All are woody trees or shrubs. Anthers are basifixed...

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Euphorbia ingens

General Info Tree is up to 10m+ high. All Leaves deciduous & fall very early. Flowers on wing ridges in cyanthia. They have 1 stamen or 1 pistil. Fruit is a small globose, woody capsule. Description Euphorbia ingens, Euphorbia cooperi, Euphorbia Natalensis, Euphorbia similis. RSA Tree No. 351. Common names: Cactus Euphorbia, Candelabra Euphorbia, Candelabra Tree, Common Euphorbia, Tree Euphorbia, Lebombo-naboom, Naboom Euphorbia. Family: Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbia family e.g. exotic poinsettia – Euphorbia pulcherrima). This family has about 275 genera and 7 500 species. Our local genera containing trees include Alchornea, Croton, Euphorbia, Macaranga and Spirostachys. This family has plants that may be herbs, shrubs or trees...

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Erythrina caffra

General Info Deciduous Tree to 20m and branchlets have prickles. The Leaves trifoliate. Reddish Flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic. Fruit is a pod, constricted between orange to red Seeds. Description Tree Erythrina caffra, Erythrina constantiana, Erythrina fissa. RSA Tree No. 242. Common names: Coastal Coral-tree; Coral tree; Cape Coral-tree. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae are Angiosperms (flowering plants) and commonly referred to as the pea, bean or legume family. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. Local genera include: Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Colophospermum, Cyclopia, Erythrina,...

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Commiphora mollis

General Info The Tree is up to 8m high. Bark has resin ducts and underbark is green. Imparipinnate Leaves have 2-6 pair of opposite leaflets + terminal one. Regular small Flowers are 4-merous. Fruit is a drupe with 1 black Seed. Description Tree Commiphora mollis, Commiphora welwitschii, Commiphora cinereal, Commiphora boehmii, Commiphora dekindtiana, Commiphora iringensis, Commiphora krausei, Commiphora montana, Commiphora ndemfi, Commiphora stuhlmannii, Balsamodendron molle. RSA Tree No. 280. Common names: Velvet Corkwood, Velvet-leaved Corkwood, Soft leaved Commiphora, Velvet Commiphora.  Family: Burseraceae (frankincense from Boswellia sacra, myrrh from Commiphora myrrha). Worldwide there are about 16 genera and about 500 species....

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Acokanthera oblongifolia

General Info Tree may reach 7m high and has very poisonous latex. Simple, entire Leaves are thick and leathery. White Flowers are bisexual, regular and 5-merous. Fruit is a fleshy berry with up to 2 flat, oval Seeds. Description Tree Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis RSA Tree No. 638. Common names: Dune Poison Bush, Poison Bush, Duinegifboom, Hottentots’s poison, Kaffergifboom, Poison arrow bush. Family: Apocynaceae (Oleander or impala lily (Adenium multiflorum) family). This family includes the exotic genera Oleander and Plumeria (Frangipani). Indigenous genera containing trees include Acokanthera, Adenium, Carissa, Rauvolfia and Tabernaemontana. Currently the family has 366...

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